Nonlinear Model Reduction: Using Machine Learning to Enable Rapid Simulation of Extreme-Scale Physics Models

Kevin Carlberg, Facebook
Machine Learning Models

Physics-based modeling and simulation has become indispensable across many applications in science and engineering, ranging from autonomous-vehicle control to designing new materials. However, achieving high predictive fidelity necessitates modeling fine spatiotemporal resolution, which can lead to extreme-scale computational models whose simulations consume months on thousands of computing cores. This constitutes a formidable computational barrier: the cost of truly high-fidelity simulations renders them impractical for important time-critical applications (e.g., rapid design, control, real-time simulation) in engineering and science. In this talk, I will present several advances in the field of nonlinear model reduction that leverage machine-learning techniques ranging from convolutional autoencoders to LSTM networks to overcome this barrier. In particular, these methods produce low-dimensional counterparts to high-fidelity models called reduced-order models (ROMs) that exhibit 1) accuracy, 2) low cost, 3) physical-property preservation, 4) guaranteed generalization performance, and 5) error quantification.

Please use this link to attend the virtual seminar.